Setting a positive tone for the group
A skilled, people-oriented leader can establish a culture of cheerful enjoyment within a group. The most important part of this will be generating laughter which is not at the expense of any member (except perhaps the leader!). The whole experience should be fun. No one should feel pressured or excluded. Rewarding any interesting discoveries by showing enthusiastic appreciation will encourage others to contribute their observations. Openly praising any useful contribution to the group, and discouraging hurtful criticism of any person, will foster a sense of valuing every member of the group. By planning a series of satisfying highlights, starting quite early in the trip, it is possible to build a lively sense of group achievement and capability (‘We are a great team!’).