Practical navigation

  • Navigation aids
  • Compasses
  • Altimeters
  • Global Positioning System
  • Navigation techniques
  • Estimation of distance travelled
  • Using back bearings
  • Navigation in easy conditions
  • Navigation in difficult conditions

There is little that undermines the confidence of a group more than feeling that they are probably lost. Nor is there much which undermines an outdoor leader's confidence more than not having a clue where you are. Capable and confident navigation is a major goal for most outdoor leaders. Without it, a leader's performance in the field and general reputation will never reach great heights.