Always pack to avoid rubbish—it saves weight, and the environment. Do not take potential rubbish such as bottles, cans and excess packaging on trips. Don’t ‘burn, bash and bury’ your rubbish or food scraps. This only disturbs the soil and vegetation and encourages vermin and unbalanced animal populations dependent on the waste of recreationists. Always take a sealable plastic bag for rubbish removal. If you carried it in, you can carry it out. Make an effort to remove all rubbish, including items like cigarette butts, aluminium foil, plastic wrappers and orange peel. Discarded, uneaten fruit and food can take years to decompose, and can introduce damaging microbes and species to an ecosystem. In some high-use areas scavenging by wildlife has resulted in animals with dietary deficiencies from unbalanced diets. Overly enthusiastic kangaroos, emus, dingoes, pelicans and other animals can be intimidating and cause problems for visitors. Do not feed the animals.

Unfortunately, at some stage of your outdoor experience the discards of other users will confront you. Minimise such experiences by removing other peoples’ rubbish whenever possible.