Review of leadership theories

  • Attitudes to leadership
  • Philosophical approaches

No book can list every situation an outdoor adventure leader may face, nor can there be a ‘correct’ response to every people management situation. This implies a warning to leaders not to expect simple, standard answers to every question. While there are general guidelines available to shape responses to certain situations or classes of leadership issues, more specialised skills and knowledge are generally acquired through in-depth field experience. For example, some leaders have done a great deal of work with school groups; others have worked mainly with adult beginner groups, and a few have particular experience with disabled groups. These practising specialists know more about their own field than can be found in any text. The aspiring leader can learn a great deal from such people, but must recognise that their methods and responses may only be appropriate in a narrow range of circumstances.