Stages of group development

  • Models of group development
  • Forming
  • Norming
  • Storming
  • Performing
  • Adjourning

Many outdoor situations involve bringing together a group of people with a common purpose, who often have very little common understanding of how that purpose might be achieved. Some groups rapidly evolve into a position of common understanding, with little upheaval. Others, perhaps because of the short length of the activity, never feel a need to do so. Some groups do so with a number of recognisable steps along the way. This chapter is about those steps - what they are, and when they may occur. An understanding of the stages of group development, and how they may eventuate in a group you are part of, will help you to understand what may otherwise seem to be quite strange and easily misinterpreted situations.