‘Comprehensive’ view of leadership
The ‘comprehensive’ view of leadership is a situation-based theory which identifies the interactions of the leader, the followers, and the situation. Where the three components intersect determines the appropriate leadership style, as shown in Figure 49.1.
Each of these three components contains a range of elements, all of which are essential for effective use of the model. The leader component includes the leader’s knowledge, skills and abilities, his/her own needs, experience, flexibility in use of styles, and sources of power. The situation component includes the outside forces acting upon the group, the group goals, the methods and processes of the group, and the environment in which the experience is occurring. The group component includes the knowledge, skills and abilities of each group member, and their needs, experience and maturity related to the task.
Each of these components can also accommodate the effects of real and perceived risk upon participants. The real risk is part of the situation. Each individual’s perception of risk is related to their own needs, experience and maturity. These interact with the leader’s skills, experience and maturity to indicate some effective leadership responses.