Research, planning and preparation
This is the most important of all, and without it the leader cannot be truly confident. Good leaders seek all possible information about the area of the trip, and plan each stage, including possible options. They learn about the capabilities of people going on the trip, to ensure trip demands and capabilities match. This helps build the confidence of the party. Being aware of possible hazards or weaknesses in the group enables the leader to minimise the hazards and shield the weaker people, which also builds confidence. If a problem arises, the leader will be prepared for it and will handle it much better, which reassures party members.