Risk management is a strategic approach to planning which aims to focus attention and action where it is most needed. Key aims are to evaluate and prioritise where things are most likely to go wrong, what the consequences of such events might be, and what should be done before, during and after incidents to minimise those consequences.
Leaders of any outdoor trips should consider risk management strategies, and trips for specific groups such as schools, clubs or other organisations generally should have a formal, written strategy. There are a number of references available which outline how to develop such a strategy (e.g. Haddock 1993; Jack 1994; Priest & Dixon 1990; Safety Guidelines: Camping and Bush Activities 1998).