The Outdoor Leader Online is based on the content of the Bushwalking and Ski Touring Leadership Manual, last published by the Bushwalking and Mountaincraft Training Advisory Board (BMTAB) in Victoria in 2000. The content of this Manual was the basis of the excellent outdoor leadership training courses run by the BMTAB. Following the Black Saturday bushfires in 2009, a Victorian Outdoor Industry Taskforce attracted funding to improve risk management and community confidence in outdoor activity providers. The project to make this resource available online was a component of that endeavour.


This resource is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, criticism and review, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission. Enquiries should be directed to the publisher.


Outdoor adventure activities are inherently dangerous, and undertaking them beyond one's capabilities or without proper training, experience, skill, regard to safety, and suitable equipment can result in serious injury or death. This resource aims to provide generally accepted information which can assist people to undertake outdoor activities safely and with enhanced enjoyment. 'Best practice' changes from time to time, as does legislation governing outdoor activities. The matters covered in this publication are those which leaders should take into account and on which, if necessary, they should seek professional advice before leading groups. The information on this website is provided for information purposes only and on the basis that all people accessing the site undertake responsibility for assessing the relevance and accuracy of its content. The State of Victoria, the Australian Camps Association, the editors, contributors and creators of this site give no warranty, express or implied that the material is accurate, authentic or complete and takes no responsibility for any error, omission or defect and do not accept liability for any loss, damage, cost or expense you or others might incur as a result of the information provided on this website or incorporated into it by reference.


The outdoor training courses established and provided by the Bushwalking and Mountaincraft Training Advisory Board since 1969 have influenced outdoor participation by many people throughout Australia. Through raising leadership standards they have enhanced trip enjoyment, increased safety and reduced the costs to the community of search and rescue operations.

The following people contributed to the Bushwalking and Ski Touring Leadership Manual: Colin Abbott, Greg Barras, Jennifer Brookes, David Burnett, Neville Byrne, Bronwen Campbell, Terry Cerini, John Chapman, Monica Chapman, Geoff Durham, Mark Francis, Ron Frederick, Jose Garcia, Rob Gatt, Gary Gibson, Sue Harris, Allan Hassell, Marg Hayes, Rik Head, Mike Heffernan, Peter Holmes, Andrew Kelly, Tony Kerr, Rod Lingard, Shirley McInnes, Ross McKinnon, Stephen Manders, Bob Manks, Euan Moore, Elaine Murphy, Mark Newnham, Joanna O'Brien, John Retchford, Chris Reynolds, Vanessa Reynolds, David Rimmer, Pam Scott, Jeff Swan, Julia Trenchard-Smith, Ian Veitch, Bruce Wharrie, Peter Martin.

The following people contributed photographs for the last printed edition of the Bushwalking and Ski Touring Leadership Manual: Neville Byrne, John Chapman, Monica Chapman, Mark Jaffrey, Stephen Lake, Rod Lingard, Steven Lingard, Bev Manders, Stephen Manders, Bob Manks, People Outdoors Collection, Chris Reynolds, Vanessa Reynolds, Fiona Tweedie, John van Gemert.

The Outdoor Leader Online was built by Tony Carden with coding and database wizardry provided by Greg Caleo of RightDesign.