Skiing requires efficient diagonal stride and skating techniques that make full use of the glide of the skis. Any unnecessary lifting of the skis will increase energy use. Timing of the kick and the pole push is critical to the development of this efficient technique. Use energy-efficient techniques such as double poling, downhill running or double-pole stride at every opportunity.

On steep terrain, negotiate uphill sections by zig-zagging across the slope using an uphill traverse where possible. Skiing uphill using either a herringbone or side-step technique also requires a rhythmical action to be efficient. During a descent, selecting the appropriate turns for the prevailing snow conditions conserves momentum, facilitating the linking of turns in a smooth, rhythmical sequence.